Nomenklatura is a simple service that makes it easy to maintain a canonical list of entities such as persons, companies or event streets and to match messy input, such as their names against that canonical list – for example, matching Acme Widgets, Acme Widgets Inc and Acme Widgets Incorporated to the canonical “Acme Widgets”.
With Nomenklatura its a matters of minutes to set up your own set of master data to match against and it provides a simple user interface and API which you can then use do matching (the API is compatible with Open Refine’s reconciliation function).
Nomenklatura can not only store the master set of entities you want to match against but also will learn and record the various aliases for a given entity - such as a person, organisation or place - may have in various datasets.
As such Nomenklatura chooses a design half way between an entity database (such as OpenCorporates, PopIt or similar services) and a automated de-duplication software (such as dedupe or SILK).
Typically, a data extraction process will check all the entity names it discovers in the source data against nomenklaturas API. If Nomenklatura does not recognize a name, a new alias record is stored as a placeholder. This alias can then be matched to an entity by the user through a simple-to-use reconciliation user interface.
To kickstart such a process, data can be uploaded via CSV - but new entities can be created dynamically as well. The advantage of a manual approach is that it minimizes the risk of false matches – this level of quality assurance can be crucial, if, for example, the output will be displayed in an application that is intended to hold government to account.
This latest release of Nomenklatura includes a number of important changes:
The domain model was refactored to use a clearer naming scheme, canonical values are now called “entities”, and their alternative spellings are now “aliases”.
CSV upload support allows users to submit a list of entities, aliases or fully executed mappings.
Support for the Open Refine API was added, so that each Nomenklatura dataset can be added as a reconciliation service and used to clean data from inside Refine.
Keyboard shortcuts were added to the reconciliation tool, so that matches can be identified without using a mouse - a fast user can now match a few hundred records an hour.
The Python client library has been refactored and submitted to PyPi, it can be installed via “pip install pynomenklatura”.
Credits and Links
Nomenklatura was developed by Labs Member Friedrich Lindenberg with contributions from other folks including fellow Labs members Michael Bauer.